Sokoine University of Agriculture

Yield and mushroom size of Pleurotus ostreatus grown on rice straw basal substrate mixed and supplemented with various crop residues

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dc.contributor.author Mamiro, D. P.
dc.contributor.author Mamiro, P. S.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-30T14:13:26Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-30T14:13:26Z
dc.date.issued 2011-03-28
dc.identifier.issn 2071 - 7024
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.suanet.ac.tz:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/1369
dc.description Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 2011. Vol. 10, Issue 1: 1211- 1218. en_US
dc.description.abstract Two crops of Pleurotus ostreatus were grown on rice straw as the basal substrate. In crop I, rice straw was mixed at spawning with 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of banana leaves or Leucaena leucocephala or maize bran or maize cobs. In crop II, rice straw was supplemented at spawning with 0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, and 5% of sunflower or cotton seed cake. Mushroom yield (1,040.0 g) and Biological efficiency (BE) (98.5%) were greater on a 50/50 mixture of rice straw and banana leaves. Rice straw supplemented with 2% sunflower seed hulls (yield 1,087.5 g, BE 103.3%) gave similar yield and BE to rice straw supplemented with 2% cotton seed hulls (yield 1,073.8 g, BE 101.8%), and were significantly greater than (p < 0.001) other supplement ratios. By comparison, mushroom yield on banana leaves were 786.5 g, on rice straw were 582.5 g, on Leucaena leucocephala were 534.5 g, on maize cobs were 468.5 g, on rice bran were 406.0 g and on maize bran were 305.3 g. The largest mushrooms (21.0 g) were obtained from non-supplemented rice straw. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences en_US
dc.subject Pleurotus ostreatus en_US
dc.subject Basal substrate en_US
dc.subject Crop residues en_US
dc.title Yield and mushroom size of Pleurotus ostreatus grown on rice straw basal substrate mixed and supplemented with various crop residues en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url http://www.biosciences.elewa.org/JAPS en_US


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