Sokoine University of Agriculture

Meat yield and quality of Tanzania Shorthorn Zebu cattle finished on molasses/maize grain with agro-processing by-products in 90 days feedlot period

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dc.contributor.author Asimwe, L.
dc.contributor.author Kimambo, A.
dc.contributor.author Laswai, G.
dc.contributor.author Mtenga, L.
dc.contributor.author Weisbjerg, M.
dc.contributor.author Madsen, J.
dc.contributor.author Safari, J.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-06T09:47:05Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-06T09:47:05Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.suanet.ac.tz:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/1779
dc.description Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics Vol. 117 No. 1 (2016) 125–135 en_US
dc.description.abstract This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of feeding molasses or maize grain with agro-processing by-products on yield and quality of meat from Tanzania shorthorn zebu (TSZ) cattle. Forty five steers aged 2.5 to 3.0 years with 200±5.4 kg body weight were allocated into five dietary treatments namely hominy feed with molasses (HFMO), rice polishing with molasses (RPMO), hominy feed with maize meal (HFMM), rice polishing with maize meal (RPMM) and maize meal with molasses (MMMO). Ad libitum amount of each dietary treatment and hay were offered to nine steers for 90 days. Cooking loss (CL) and Warner Bratzler shear force (WBSF) values were determined on M. longissimus thoracis et lumborum aged for 3, 6, 9 and 12 days. Steers fed on HFMO diet had higher (P < 0.05) nutrient intake (86.39 MJ/d energy; 867 g/d CP), weight gain (919 g/d) and half carcass weight (75.8 kg) than those fed other diets. Meat of steers from all diets was tender with average WBSF values of 47.9 Ncm−2. The CL (22.0±0.61%) and WBSF (53.4± 0.70 N cm−2) were highest in meat aged for 3 days followed by 6, 9 and 12 days. WBSF values for meat aged for 9 and 12 days from steers fed HFMO and RPMM diets were similar and lower than those on other dietary treatments× aging periods. Overall, molasses and hominy feed can be used to replace maize meal in feedlot finishing diets to spare its use in animal feeds. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics en_US
dc.subject Agro-processing en_US
dc.subject Products en_US
dc.subject Feedlot en_US
dc.subject Retail cuts en_US
dc.subject Steers en_US
dc.title Meat yield and quality of Tanzania Shorthorn Zebu cattle finished on molasses/maize grain with agro-processing by-products in 90 days feedlot period en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url www.jarts.info en_US


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